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Ratio of rural and urban population of Belarus, thousand persons

Ratio of rural and urban population of Belarus, thousand persons

Labour resources (thous. persons)

 

2000

2005

2009

2010

2011
(estimation)

2012

Labour resources - total

5997

6106

6082

6079

6070

 

         of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

         able-bodied population at working age

5503

5838

5778

5742

5733

 

         persons over and under working age employed in the economy

345

268

304

337

337

 

Of total labour resources, economically active population

4524

4491

4686

4705

4664

4586

         of which employed

4409

4414

4644

4666

4632

4557

Arrangement of number of employed by branches of the economy (in 2011 - evaluation)
(percent of total number of employed)

Estimation of number of employed by branches of the economy (percent of total number of employed)

Land Resources and their Use:


Land resources include all types of lands: agricultural lands, lands of the populated areas, lands of industrial territories, transport, health resorts, nature reserves, state forest resources. Available land of the Republic of Belarus remains invariable and at the beginning of 2012 composes 207,60 thousand hectares.

Agricultural lands occupy 43% (8897,5 thous. ha) of the total area, arable lands compose 30%, respectively. There are 0,9 hectares of agricultural lands per capita, including 0,6 hectares of arable lands. Unused and little-used lands (sands, bushes, bogs, etc.) compose about 15% of the total area. During the last 20 years 488 thousand hectares dropped out of the agricultural usage.

Distribution of lands according to soil types, %

 

Automorphic

Semi-automorphic

Hydromorphic

 

Rendzina soils

Sod-podzolic soils

Sod-podzolic
marshland soils

Sod and rendzinas
marshland soils

Flood plain sod soils

Peat-bog soils

Brest

0.4

22.6

26.3

14.3

5.9

30.5

Vitebsk

0.1

43.3

29.0

10.1

2.2

15.3

Gomel

0.1

33.0

29.6

7.6

10.9

18.8

Grodno

0.1

59.9

15.6

10.2

4.7

9.5

Minsk

0.4

48.0

21.8

7.6

2.9

19.3

Mogilev

0.2

53.8

25.0

6.3

5.8

8.9

Total

0.2

45.1

22.6

9.0

8.7

14.4

Distribution of agricultural land by categories of land users
(at the beginning of year; thsd. hectares)

Years

Total area
of agricultural land

of which:

agricultural organizations

private (peasant) farms

in individual use

of which:

as private subsidiary plots, for
construction
and maintenance
of dwelling houses

for collective fruit and vegetable gardening, summer house (dacha) construction

Agricultural land:

2001

9257,7

7674,0

72,1

1396,2

975,2

76,9

2006

9011,5

7484,7

130,5

1226,5

880,7

62,8

2007

8984,9

7526,5

120,4

1157,6

847,2

61,4

2008

8968,0

7584,0

107,8

1080,1

791,5

59,8

2009

8944,7

7634,8

103,0

1020,9

754,6

58,3

2010

8926,9

7657,9

108,8

968,0

728,9

56,3

2011

8997,5

7673,4

115,8

924,3

701,1

53,1

Arable lands:

2001

6133,2

5004,2

58,1

1022,3

908,6

55,8

2006

5542,4

4513,8

92,8

880,2

813,9

44,1

2007

5539,4

4557,3

86,1

835,7

779,9

40,7

2008

5519,4

4613,1

78,4

777,9

724,7

39,1

2009

5516,4

4651,3

77,0

742,0

691,7

37,7

2010

5516,5

4673,7

80,7

714,1

667,8

35,8

2011

5510,5

4698,2

85,4

682,1

640,0

31,6

Lands under permanent agricultural crops:

2001

123,5

47,5

0,4

73,6

52,1

20,9

2006

118,1

44,3

1,2

70,5

51,6

18,6

2007

121,4

44,2

1,2

73,7

52,7

20,7

2008

120,8

44,0

1,2

72,9

51,9

20,7

2009

120,8

44,8

1,2

72,4

51,4

20,6

2010

120,3

44,3

1,8

71,9

51,2

20,5

2011

122,1

44,8

2,3

72,7

51,2

21,3

Meadow lands:

2001

2995,1

2616,8

13,6

300,2

14,4

0,2

2006

3289,2

2892,3

36,1

275,7

15,1

0,1

2007

3297,6

2924,5

33,1

248,2

14,6

--

2008

3275,9

2926,7

28,2

228,4

13,8

--

2009

3279,7

2938,7

24,8

206,4

11,4

--

2010

3263,1

2939,9

26,3

181,9

9,8

--

2011

3240,6

2930,4

27,6

169,4

9,8

0,2

Dynamics of sown area under main agricultural crops in farms of all types
(thsd. hectares)

Years

Total sown areas

Cereals and
leguminous crops

Potatoes

Vegetables

Flax

Sugar beet

Forage crops

2004

5541

2390

509

94

79

86

2247

2005

5473

2314

467

89

78

100

2289

2006

5551

2404

437

95

75

108

2309

2007

5592

2567

415

90

70

96

2143

2008

5612

2576

398

89

80

93

2075

2009

5713

2591

389

86

68

93

2123

2010

5600

2580

371

86

62

97

2066

Sown area under agricultural crops at farms of all types (thsd. hectares)


Farms of all types

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total grains and legumes

2537

2314

2567

2576

2591

2580

of which:

            winter grain crops

1059

1085

1231

1300

1302

1131

of which:

 

                       rye

723

537

584

545

454

352

                       wheat

240

197

247

316

348

362

                       triticale

96

349

399

436

491

405

                       barley

-

2

2

3

9

12

     spring grains and legumes

 1478

 1229

 1336

 1276

 1289

 1449

of which:

                      wheat

212

164

182

200

214

249

                      triticale

3

14

18

24

30

39

                      barley

736

613

679

613

602

679

                      oat

285

232

222

182

167

184

                      grain maize

13

36

108

114

102

113

                      buckwheat

22

8

10

17

23

31

                      legumes

198

154

103

113

143

140

                     other grains

9

8

12

13

8

14

Industrial crops

257

314

377

474

524

497

of which:

                     fibre flax

82

78

70

80

68

62

                     sugar beet

52

100

96

93

93

97

                     rape

110

128

205

293

353

326

Potatoes

661

467

415

398

389

371

Vegetables

98

89

90

89

86

86

Forage crops

2602

2289

2143

2075

2123

2066

of which:

       annual grasses

654

656

508

415

509

464

        perennial grasses

1394

1126

955

900

848

869

        maize for forage and green feed

435

450

630

714

729

699

        forage roots

105

54

48

43

36

34

 

Material and Technical Base:


Availability of basic agricultural machinery and equipment in agricultural organisations
(beginning of year; thsd. units)

Type

2001

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Tractors (excluding tractors with mounted digging,
land-improving and other machines)

72,9

53,6

52,6

50,4

49,5

48,1

47,3

Lorries

46,3

32,5

30,8

28,4

27,0

26,3

25,1

Harvesters:

-grain

17,1

12,8

13,3

13,0

12,9

12,2

11,4

-potato

3,8

1,6

1,5

1,3

1,2

1,1

1,2

-beet, units.

758

987

1033

1021

989

877

798

-silage and fodder

7,2

3,2

2,5

2,0

2,0

3,2

2,6

-maize

87

49

44

39

39

35

34

-flax

1,8

1,3

1,3

1,1

1,1

1,0

0,9

Ploughs

20,5

15,0

15,1

14,8

14,0

13,5

13,1

Sowing machines (excluding fertilizer sowers)

17,6

12,6

12,7

11,7

10,7

9,7

9,0

Cultivators

26,1

14,6

13,7

12,4

11,1

10,0

9,3

Mowing machines, tractor-mounted

15,2

10,0

9,8

9,4

9,4

9,0

8,8

Balers

7,4

6,3

6,4

6,4

6,7

6,8

7,0

Reapers

1,6

1,2

1,2

1,1

1,1

1,0

1,0

Sprinkling and watering machines and installations, units

362

170

209

229

244

244

249

Machinery for fertilizer application for:

-solid organic fertilizers

12,4

7,6

7 ,1

6,7

6,8

6,6

6,6

-liquid organic fertilizers

3,8

2,7

2,6

2,7

2,8

2,9

3,1

Solid mineral fertilizer spreaders

8,6

6,7

7,0

6,9

7,0

7,1

7,1

Tractor-mounted spraying and dusting machines

4,5

4,4

4,5

4,7

5,0

5,0

5,0

Milking machines

14,8

12,8

12,7

12,8

13,3

13,5

13,4

Agricultural Output by Type of Farms
(at current prices; bln. rubles)
* - at factual prices; bln. rubles

 

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Farms of all types

Total agricultural output

2734

12826

15544

18102

25052

26595

35613

56741

of which:

plant-growing products

1475

6700

8346

9739

13772

14056

19644

30402

animal husbandry products

1259

6126

7198

8363

11280

12539

15969

26339

Agricultural organisations

Total agricultural output

1673

7914

9633

11696

16958

18495

22960

 

of which:

plant-growing products

751

3112

3773

4748

7431

7739

8999

 

animal husbandry products

922

4802

5860

6948

9527

10756

13961

 

Household plots

Total agricultural output

1044

4819

5795

6269

7878

7874

12286

 

of which:

plant-growing products

709

3520

4483

4881

6160

6134

10331

 

animal husbandry products

335

1299

1312

1388

1718

1740

1955

 

Private (peasant) farms

Total agricultural output

17

93

116

137

216

226

367

 

of which:

plant-growing products

15

68

90

110

181

183

314

 

animal husbandry products

2

25

26

27

35

43

53

 

 

Gross harvest of major agricultural crops
(in farms of all types; thousand tonnes)

 

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Cereal and leguminous crops
(weight after treatment):

5502

4856

5153

5990

5449

7016

6421

5923

7216

9013

8510

6993

       of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       rye

2143

1360

1294

1600

1152

1397

1155

1072

1305

1492

1227

736

       wheat

439

966

867

1017

796

1121

1175

1075

1397

2045

1979

1740

       triticale

113

311

427

798

890

1216

1121

978

1241

1819

1789

1254

       barley

1965

1378

1700

1681

1608

2031

1864

1831

1911

2221

2123

1966

       oat

638

495

530

575

594

765

609

555

580

605

552

442

        leguminous crops

187

291

281

279

333

426

331

238

202

301

357

265

       buckwheat

14

18

16

7

12

12

7

5

13

18

19

19

       grain maize

3

30

31

30

50

39

144

153

541

495

449

551

Flax fibre

60

37

32

26

41

57

50

29

39

61

47

46

Sugar beet

1172

1474

1682

1146

1920

3088

3065

3978

3626

4030

3970

3770

Rape

26

73

95

60

55

143

150

115

240

514

612

374

Potatoes

9504

8718

7768

7421

8649

9902

8185

8329

8744

8749

7125

7831

Vegetables

1031

1379

1415

1507

2002

2035

2007

2173

2153

2296

2308

2334

Yielding capacity of the main agricultural crops
(farms of all types, centners per hectare)

 

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Cereal and leguminous crops
(weight after processing):

21,2

19,4

19,9

24,7

24,2

29,6

28,1

24,9

28,5

35,2

33,3

27,7

       of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       rye

22,4

19,0

16,8

22,8

21,1

23,6

21,8

22,0

22,7

27,5

27,4

21,5

       wheat

25,1

21,6

21,4

27,1

25,1

33,0

32,8

28,2

32,8

39,8

35,4

28,9

       triticale

29,9

31,6

28,1

31,9

26,6

34,1

31,3

26,0

30,2

39,7

34,6

28,8

       barley

20,0

19,0

22,7

25,3

25,5

32,7

30,7

26,9

28,5

36,1

35,2

28,9

       oat

19,8

17,7

18,4

22,4

25,3

28,8

26,6

22,9

26,8

33,5

33,5

24,7

       buckwheat

8,1

8,7

6,3

6,4

10,5

10,3

10,2

6,5

11,3

11,6

9,4

7,3

       grain maize

27,0

23,3

27,7

40,0

43,4

35,3

40,0

39,4

50,7

43,9

46,8

49,3

       leguminous crops

16,4

15,1

15,4

18,5

21,2

25,4

21,9

15,7

20,7

27,1

25,8

20,3

Flax fibre

6,2

4,8

4,2

4,4

6,1

7,3

7,0

4,4

5,9

7,8

7,2

7,7

Sugar beet

218

292

313

228

275

368

316

376

387

439

450

395

Rape

6,5

7,1

8,8

8,2

9,0

11,7

12,3

10,7

12,2

18,1

18,0

12,2

Potatoes

132

134

123

137

164

195

177

192

212

221

186

214

Vegetables

135

134

141

157

189

203

208

212

220

234

242

247

Number of livestock and poultry
(farms of all types, as of 1 January; thous. heads)

Years

Cattle – total

Cows

Pigs

Sheep and goats

Horses

Poultry, mln.heads

2004

3924

1658

3287

126

192

24,5

2005

3963

1613

3407

125

181

25,1

2006

3980

1565

3545

121

168

28,5

2007

3989

1506

3642

122

156

28,7

2008

4007

1459

3598

124

147

29,4

2009

4131

1452

3705

126

137

31,2

2010

4151

1445

3782

127

125

34,1

2011

4151

1478

3887

124

113

37

Exports of foodstuffs of the Republic of Belarus
(thous. tonnes)

Item/Years

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Beef

43,5

46,6

58,4

41,8

34,5

60,4

Pork

14,7

23,4

36,8

14,9

31,3

17,1

Poultry meat

13,2

10,5

9,0

7,9

6,2

20,9

Milk and concentrated cream

94,3

119,0

153,0

161,0

167,9

185,2

Sweet butter

46,8

51,3

53,6

49,5

61,5

85,5

Cheese and curd cheese

53,5

65,1

82,6

99,0

102,0

121,4

Eggs, mln. pcs

531,0

441,8

515,9

437,9

463,5

522,8

Sugar

383,9

481,6

250,5

272,1

323,5

439,9

Confectionery

25,8

21,1

18,1

12,4

9,0

9,5

Potatoes

103,0

16,9

9,9

31,1

41,9

28,2

Production of the main foodstuff commodities

Type of products

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Meat including
offal of 1 rate, thou. ton

406,7

470,0

542,1

580,8

619,9

696,9

743,5

Sausages, thous. tons

220,0

256,5

278,0

273,4

306,5

295,1

313,8

Animal butter, thous. tons

81,6

85,0

109,8

121,8

140,3

140,0

 

Fat cheese, including sheep cheese, thous. tons

65,1

82,3

101,0

109,9

127,9

133,9

146,2

Whole milk products
in milk equivalent, thous. tons

992

1122

1284

1379

1370

1315

 

Vegetable oils

27,8

42,2

43,8

49,1

82,4

139,1

 

Granulated sugar – thous. tons

768,4

864,2

814,1

656,6

707,8

759,4

816,0

Preserved foods - total, mln of standard cans

438

436

535

547

658

672

 

Bread and bakery products, thou. ton.

691

661

639

617

610

595

568

Soft drinks, mln. dal.

25,3

29,2

33,8

36,4

35,4

32,2

38,6

Mineral water, mln. half litres

352,2

367,1

387,1

402,9

383,3

349,6

 

Consumption of main foodstuff commodities per capita, kg.

Type of products

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Meat and meat products

59

61

67

70

75

77

Milk and dairy products

246

259

254

250

233

224

Eggs, pcs.

238

256

276

275

279

284

Fish and fish products

17,6

18,4

17,4

17,5

15,9

15,2

Potatoes

185

181

187

188

189

181

Bakery products

100

95

93

92

89

86

Sugar

39,4

38,7

36,1

34,2

39,1

40

Vegetable oil

14,3

14,5

14,1

15,7

15,1

14,6

Vegetables and cucurbits crop

118

127

134

138

143

146

Fruit and berries

46

47

59

58

59

60

Structure of forest stands reserves according to the predominant species, %

Structure of forest stands reserves according to the predominant species

Dynamics of realization of main types of activities in the forestry branch

Indexes

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Reforestation and forest planting,
total haincluding:

51471

56217

54988

50006

40760

- forest planting and establishment

45031

48662

48069

43135

34320

- assistance to natural reforestation

6440

7555

6919

6871

6440

Planted seedlings, ha:
- at logged areas

23992

23841

21767

20671

 

- at lands contaminated with radionuclids (cesium-137)

11461

12808

12321

9817

 

Forest protection against pests and the diseases
- by biological method, ha

21622

22339

22726

22623

22644

- by chemical method, ha

9533

693

194

2423

703

Deforestation areas, ha:
- all types of deforestation

440951

452131

51991

487962

 

- deforestation of final cutting

25124

25330

0

24413

 

- fellings for primary use

223924

242266

28517

256518

 

- other types of fellings

189536

182143

24816

201797

 

The main indexes of hunting industry management*

 

1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Number of hunting entities (as of the end of a year), pcs.

216

232

239

238

238

252

249

254

251

252

255

Area of hunting entities (as of the end of a year), mln. ha

17,2

16,9

17,1

17,1

17,6

17,2

16,8

16,7

16,5

16,5

16,8

Expenses for biotechnic measures on protection and reproduction of wild animals (in actual exicting prices), mln. BYR

1955,6

184,9**

350,7

423,6

672,6

897,9

1207,8

1925,1

3091,0

3875,8

4957,8

of which:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

for displacement (stocking) of wild animals

139,8

-

0,4

-

20,3

5,7

5,1

267,0

246,4

100,2

9,7

for acquisition and spreading of supplementary feeding for wild animals

717,3

49,4

135,2

165,8

340,6

417,9

584,1

1276,7

2431,6

2919,2

4192,5

Expences for realization of census of wild animals (in actual exsisting prices), mln. BYR

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

16,2

22,4

61,7

39,1

*  Without taking into consideration the biological (hunting) nature reserves and restricted zones for hunting.
**  Taking into consideration the denomination in 2000 (decreasing in 1000 times).

Distribution of fishery reservoirs according to the types

Region

Type of reservoir

Total

Lakes

Storage ponds

Ponds

Borrow area

quantity

area, ha

quantity

area, ha

quantity

area, ha

quantity

area, ha

quantity

area, ha

Brest

188

10547,1

58

11705,6

129

1947,1

11

577,3

386

24777,1

Vitebsk

1787

94364,49

38*

1053,5

75

636,8

2

20,6

1902

96075,39

Gomel

819

11144,9

26

4474,9

12

323,6

1

1860

858

17803,4

Grodno

82

3044,8

28

2760

89

1921,1

2

193

201

7918,9

Minsk

200

20403,47

56

21816,2

68

2061,6

4

640

328

44921,27

Mogilev

142

1732,5

41+1

6259,1+120

53

1373

-

-

237

9484,6

Total

3218

141237,26

248

48189,3

426*

8263,2

20*

3290,9

3912

200980,66

* - precise quantity was not established

Distribution of fishery reservoirs according to the classified groups

 

Classified groups of reservoirs (ponds)

 

Region

cisco (Coregonidae) and smelt (Osmerus eperlanu)

bream (Abramis brama) and pike perch (Stizostedion)

bream (Abramis brama), pike (Esox lucius), and roach (Rutilus rutilus)

perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus)

crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and tench (Tinca tinca)

Total

 

q-ty

area, ha

q-ty

area, ha

q-ty

area, ha

q-ty

area, ha

q-ty

area, ha

q-ty

area, ha

Brest

-

-

-

-

16

6951

164

7780,7

206

10045,4

386

24777,1

Vitebsk

21

8503,9

37

26793,5

293

34421,9

904

17018,32

647

9337,77

1902*

96075,39

Gomel

-

-

-

-

13

1882

208

4586,1

637

11335,3

858

17803,4

Grodno

-

-

-

-

16

3563

80

2740,9

105

1615

201*

7918,9

Minsk

1

7913

3

10479

17

16927

141

4702,4

166

4899,87

328*

44921,27

Mogilev

-

-

-

-

1

2340

72

3622,1

164

3522,5

237

9484,6

Total

22

16416,9

40

37272,5

356

66084,9

1569

40450,52

1925

40755,84

3912

200980,66

* - precise quantity was not established

The commercial stock of ichthyofauna according to the classified groups of ponds

Region

Classified groups of reservoirs

 

Total

cisco (Coregonidae) and smelt (Osmerus eperlanu)

bream (Abramis brama) and pike perch (Stizostedion)

bream (Abramis brama), pike (Esox lucius), and roach (Rutilus rutilus)

perch (Perca fluviatilis) and roach (Rutilus rutilus)

crucian carp (Carassius carassius) and tench (Tinca tinca)

kg/ha

tons

kg/ha

tons

kg/ha

tons

kg/ha

tons

kg/ha

tons

 

Brest

-

-

-

-

70,0

487

77,1

600

41,3

415

1502

Vitebsk

57,5

489

72,8

1951

65,2

2244

45,4

773

53,0

495

5952

Gomel

-

-

-

-

89,7

169

81,4

373

45,7

518

1060

Grodno

-

-

-

-

81,0

289

62,0

170

33,0

53

512

Minsk

81,8

647

80,0

838

81,9

1386

55,4

261

44,4

218

3350

Mogilev

-

-

-

-

59,6

139

64,3

233

78,7

277

649

Total

 

1136

 

2789

 

4714

 

2410

 

1976

13025

The river extension and value of commercial stock of ichthyofauna according to the watercourse categories


River category

Width of the river bed, m variation/average

Average area of a reach with 1 km stretch, ha

Total extension within the bounds of Belarus, thous. km

Usable stock

kg/ha

kg/km

tons

I

80-800 (100)

10

3,09

81,6

816,0

2070

II

40 -100 (50)

5

2,47

67,2

336,0

600

III

5 - 40 (20)

2

18,80

51,1

102,2

1280

Total

x

x

x

x

 

3950*

* Exclusively of rivers less than 25 km stretch

 

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